House Registration Book (Tabien Baan)

The house registration book, “tabien baan”, is the official house or apartment address and resident registration booklet. The house registration book includes the personal information of the persons having their domicile or legal residence at the house or condominium unit in Thailand.

Contrary to what is often presumed by foreigners, this document is not proof of ownership of a house or condo unit. The “tabien baan” is a document issued by the local municipality (and not the land department) that is part of the official address registration papers of a home or condo unit. Its practical use is that it proves a person’s place of legal residence (official domicile). A house registration book may state the name of the owner, but it does not necessarily. In the case of a foreign owner who is not a resident in Thailand, it does not (unless he has official permanent residency in Thailand).

There are two types of “tabien baan”:

  • The blue tabien baan or blue house registration book (Thor.Ror.14) for Thai nationals (with a blue booklet)
  • The yellow tabien baan or yellow house registration book (Thor.Ror.13) for foreigners (with a yellow booklet).

As prove of person’s domicile, the “tabien baan” is asked on many occasions, e.g. car ownership transfer or land office registration, opening a bank account or when applying for utilities, such as a new electricity or telephone line connection. It also gives Thais the right to vote in the respective district. Since the foreigners are usually not registered in a Thai house registration book, where proof of address is required, the ones with a non-immigrant visa may alternatively present a letter of residence. The local immigration office issues such document. If the foreigner owns a condominium, the title deed in combination with the (empty) blue tabien Baan and his passport may also serve as proof of residence.

In the case of a foreigner owning a house (separate from the land) or a condominium, the blue tabien baan is usually empty, unless he has Thai nationals living with him who have their permanent home at this address. It is also possible for the foreigner to request the yellow booklet if he meets one of the following qualifications:

  • Holding a non-immigrant visa
  • Having obtained temporary residence in the Thai Kingdom as a special case in accordance with the law on immigration and the declaration of the Cabinet (known as the Ministry of Interior’s Announcement on 1 February 2018, re: Permission to Some Alien for Stay in Thailand as a Special Case); and
  • A foreigner whose child or children are born within the Thai Kingdom.

Any foreigner who meets one of these qualifications is eligible to apply for a yellow house registration book under Section 38 of Civil Registration Act B.E. 2534 (1991).

The house registration book may provide certain tax advantages as well, mainly related to the resale of a property. In the case of the individual registered in the house registration book, Stamp Duty applies (instead of Specific Business Tax which has a significantly higher rate), if the seller has owned the property already more than one year (instead of five years without house registration). The house registration book provides acceptable proof of that.

The foreigner or a new house owner may apply to the local municipality for issuing a house registration within 15 days after the construction of the building is completed, or at any time after the acquisition of the condominium unit. Please see the following requirements for the registration:

Foreigner is the owner of the structure Foreigner is the condominium unit owner
  • Original passport including official Thai translation,
  • Original passport including official Thai translation,
  • Building permit and layout plan,
  • Official condominium sale agreement issued by the land office,
  • Official House Sale Agreement issued by the land office,
  • Lease agreement at the land office (in case of a long-term lease),
  • Official Lease Agreement issued by the land office (in case of a long-term lease),
  • Unit title deed,
  • Land Title deed,
  • Pictures of the unit, and
  • Photographs of the house, and
  • POA (if any)
  • 2 Witnesses
  • 2 Witnesses
  • POA (if any)

After submission, the house registration process will take approximately 30 days, depending on the municipality in charge.

Feel free to contact us if you have any questions at info@franklegaltax.com

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